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Old 03-10-2006, 05:57 PM posted to rec.ponds
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Default Optimum flow rate through filter.

I have a simple question which I thought would be easy to find the answer
to.

Alas, after thorough searching Usenet and the Web, I cant find the answer
to what I thought would be a "frequently asked question", so here goes...

We are in the middle of completely re-doing our pond, replacing a tiny
little custom-made setup to a large pre-moulded pond thereby quadrupling the
size of our original pond.

The pond is the "Eagle" design from the lotus toughline range with a
capacity of 1725 litres (455 US gallons).
We like to see and hear a lot of water on our waterfall, and we also want
to see oxygen entering the water. We have a substantial pump capable of 6000
litres/hour !(1583 USGals/h)

(The Pump is the Laguna Max-Flo 1500/6000)

We also have a filter (with UV) which is suitable for ponds up to 3000litres
(791 US Gallons)

(It is the Green 2 Clean 3000 by Oasis).

I agree that the pump is way too much to flow through the filter, so I have
fitted a T-piece in the hose from the pump with a controlable tap between
the T-piece and the filter. The other output from the T-piece flows back
in to the pond via waterfall bypassing the filter and tap. This T-piece
principle avoids unnecessary strain on the pump.

I can measure the flow of water through the filter by collecting the water
coming out of the filter in to a measured bucket, timing how long it takes
to fill the bucket.

So, you can guess my question...
What is the optimum rate of water to flow through my filter?
What is the general guideline in coming to your answer?
We have about 15 adult goldfish and about 30 baby-fish

My research has shown conflicting answers.. Some quoting "1 pond-volume of
water every 2 hours", others saying "2 pond-volumes of water every hour"

With my T-piece and tap, it is quick and easy to make my adjustment ;-)

Thanks
Brendan

(1 litre = 0.264 US gallons = 0.220 UK gallons )



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Old 03-10-2006, 08:11 PM posted to rec.ponds
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Default Optimum flow rate through filter.

Brendan DJ Murphy wrote:
I have a simple question which I thought would be easy to find the
answer to.

Alas, after thorough searching Usenet and the Web, I cant find the
answer to what I thought would be a "frequently asked question", so
here goes...
We are in the middle of completely re-doing our pond, replacing a tiny
little custom-made setup to a large pre-moulded pond thereby
quadrupling the size of our original pond.

The pond is the "Eagle" design from the lotus toughline range with a
capacity of 1725 litres (455 US gallons).
We like to see and hear a lot of water on our waterfall, and we also
want to see oxygen entering the water. We have a substantial pump
capable of 6000 litres/hour !(1583 USGals/h)

(The Pump is the Laguna Max-Flo 1500/6000)

We also have a filter (with UV) which is suitable for ponds up to
3000litres (791 US Gallons)

(It is the Green 2 Clean 3000 by Oasis).

I agree that the pump is way too much to flow through the filter, so
I have fitted a T-piece in the hose from the pump with a controlable
tap between the T-piece and the filter. The other output from the
T-piece flows back in to the pond via waterfall bypassing the filter
and tap. This T-piece principle avoids unnecessary strain on the
pump.
I can measure the flow of water through the filter by collecting the
water coming out of the filter in to a measured bucket, timing how
long it takes to fill the bucket.

So, you can guess my question...
What is the optimum rate of water to flow through my filter?
What is the general guideline in coming to your answer?
We have about 15 adult goldfish and about 30 baby-fish

My research has shown conflicting answers.. Some quoting "1
pond-volume of water every 2 hours", others saying "2 pond-volumes
of water every hour"
With my T-piece and tap, it is quick and easy to make my adjustment
;-)
Thanks
Brendan

(1 litre = 0.264 US gallons = 0.220 UK gallons )


Experts might disagree with me later, but I have opted for 1 pond every two
hours. However, it depends to some extent on the efficiency of your filter.
I'm running a pressurised Hoselock with UV, followed by a plain box bio
filter.
--
yt


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Old 04-10-2006, 02:46 AM posted to rec.ponds
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Default Optimum flow rate through filter.



Experts might disagree with me later, but I have opted for 1 pond every
two hours. However, it depends to some extent on the efficiency of your
filter. I'm running a pressurised Hoselock with UV, followed by a plain
box bio filter.
--
yt



Thanks for your reply. Very helpful.

By the way, how do you get on with your pressurised Hoselock filter? Is
that the one with the small hexagonal-shaped foam inside?
We used to have one of those in our old smaller pond and found it a right
pain! The foam inside ours needed rinsing every few days and the water flow
kept reducing down to a trickle very quickly. Do you also have that
problem?

Brendan


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Old 04-10-2006, 08:12 PM posted to rec.ponds
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Default Optimum flow rate through filter.

Brendan DJ Murphy wrote:
Experts might disagree with me later, but I have opted for 1 pond
every two hours. However, it depends to some extent on the
efficiency of your filter. I'm running a pressurised Hoselock with
UV, followed by a plain box bio filter.
--
yt



Thanks for your reply. Very helpful.

By the way, how do you get on with your pressurised Hoselock filter?
Is that the one with the small hexagonal-shaped foam inside?
We used to have one of those in our old smaller pond and found it a
right pain! The foam inside ours needed rinsing every few days and
the water flow kept reducing down to a trickle very quickly. Do you
also have that problem?

Brendan


It's a Bioforce 2200. The sponges are circular. Output goes to Hozelock
Ecocell 2200 box filter. This was added 10 days ago, and has had a dramatic
effect. Although water chemistry is fine and stable, over the summer the
clarity had declined. I can see the bottom again! Pressurised filter
needs cleaning every 3 weeks or so. I don't wait for the red indicator to
rise fully. I do the pump (Titan) at the same time.
--
yt



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Old 07-10-2006, 10:10 PM posted to rec.ponds
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Default Optimum flow rate through filter.

Brendan wrote:
The pond is the "Eagle" design from the lotus toughline range with a
capacity of 1725 litres (455 US gallons).
We like to see and hear a lot of water on our waterfall, and we also want
to see oxygen entering the water. We have a substantial pump capable of 6000
litres/hour !(1583 USGals/h)

(The Pump is the Laguna Max-Flo 1500/6000)

We also have a filter (with UV) which is suitable for ponds up to 3000litres
(791 US Gallons)

(It is the Green 2 Clean 3000 by Oasis).

I agree that the pump is way too much to flow through the filter, so I have
fitted a T-piece in the hose from the pump with a controlable tap between
the T-piece and the filter. The other output from the T-piece flows back
in to the pond via waterfall bypassing the filter and tap. This T-piece
principle avoids unnecessary strain on the pump.

I can measure the flow of water through the filter by collecting the water
coming out of the filter in to a measured bucket, timing how long it takes
to fill the bucket.

So, you can guess my question...
What is the optimum rate of water to flow through my filter?


This should be in the owner's manual. My guess is 791gallons/hour, if it is
rated for a 791 gallon pond.

What is the general guideline in coming to your answer?


A lot depends on pond size and residents within. The smaller the pond the
more you have to treat it like a large aquarium. Anything under 500 gallons
here in the states is considered an aquarium, so once to twice per hour
isn't unusual. Over 5,000 gallons the flow is often less than once/hour.
Serious show koi people turn their ponds over 1/hour regardless of size.

We have about 15 adult goldfish and about 30 baby-fish


And I'd kind of put that on the upper end of the stocking rate, so I'd
definitely want it turned over 1/hour, imo.

My research has shown conflicting answers.. Some quoting "1 pond-volume of
water every 2 hours", others saying "2 pond-volumes of water every hour"


That's ponding for you. ;-) The above can all be correct, based on size of
pond, size of filter and residents within. ~ jan

--------------
See my ponds and filter design:
www.jjspond.us

~Keep 'em Wet!~
Tri-Cities WA Zone 7a
To e-mail see website


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Old 17-10-2006, 10:23 AM posted to rec.ponds
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Default Optimum flow rate through filter.

My research has shown conflicting answers.. Some quoting "1 pond-volume
of
water every 2 hours", others saying "2 pond-volumes of water every hour"




That's ponding for you. ;-) The above can all be correct, based on size of
pond, size of filter and residents within. ~ jan



Is there anything wrong in adjusting the flow to the maximum rate that the
filter can handle even if it exceeds the recommendation?

In other words, is too much filtration a bad thing?


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Old 17-10-2006, 02:10 PM posted to rec.ponds
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Default Optimum flow rate through filter.

Brendan DJ Murphy wrote:

My research has shown conflicting answers.. Some quoting "1 pond-volume
of
water every 2 hours", others saying "2 pond-volumes of water every hour"


That's ponding for you. ;-) The above can all be correct, based on size
of pond, size of filter and residents within. ~ jan



Is there anything wrong in adjusting the flow to the maximum rate that the
filter can handle even if it exceeds the recommendation?

In other words, is too much filtration a bad thing?


The key is "...the filter can handle...". Providing that the filter really
handles it, it doesn't make much difference, but figuring out exactly what
the filter can handle is tricky. Too much flow encourages channeling -
where the water manages to bypass most of the filter medium. Too little
flow can mean that the filter actually isn't working up to its capacity.
So, as fast as it can handle without channeling is good, but identifying
channeling is difficult.
--
derek
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Old 21-10-2006, 06:52 PM posted to rec.ponds
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Posts: 154
Default Optimum flow rate through filter.

Is there anything wrong in adjusting the flow to the maximum rate that the
filter can handle even if it exceeds the recommendation?

In other words, is too much filtration a bad thing?


The key is "...the filter can handle...". Providing that the filter really
handles it, it doesn't make much difference, but figuring out exactly what
the filter can handle is tricky. Too much flow encourages channeling -
where the water manages to bypass most of the filter medium. Too little
flow can mean that the filter actually isn't working up to its capacity.
So, as fast as it can handle without channeling is good, but identifying
channeling is difficult. Derek


One of the ways one can identify channeling is murkiness in the water that
wasn't there prior to turning the flow up. Water quality, by testing the
water may be another.

In my system (at the Demon. Pond) channeling in the pre-filter causes the
bio-filter pads to clog faster. We fixed that this year by cleaning the
pre-filter every 4 weeks no matter what, and it helped that we secured the
bio-pads with hardware cloth (wire mesh) so they couldn't collapse when
they got muck on them. The bio-filter is horizontal flow so we could spray
the muck off the front pad as long as it didn't collapse. Turned out, only
the first pre-filter cleaning, which had to go longer than the 4 weeks, we
did have to spray that front pad off. After that, it wasn't a problem.

At home, I don't have this problem at all, I only clean the prefilter 4
times/year and it runs 24/7 all year long. Fish load is surely similar, the
D.pond has more fish, but they're tiny in comparison to what I have at
home. Pound for pound I may actually have more fish.

Long story, short answer, I don't think there has ever been a case of too
much filtration, but blowing by the filter, as Derek mentioned via
channeling, doesn't count. ;-) ~ jan

--------------
See my ponds and filter design and the Demon Pond:
www.jjspond.us

~Keep 'em Wet!~
Tri-Cities WA Zone 7a
To e-mail see website


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